youth gang drug trafficking

by Howell, James C.

Publisher: U.S. Dept. of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention in [Washington, D.C.]

Written in English
Published: Pages: 11 Downloads: 807
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Subjects:

  • Gang members -- United States -- Conduct of life,
  • Drug traffic -- United States,
  • Drug abuse and crime -- United States,
  • Youth -- Drug use -- United States,
  • Violent crimes -- Research -- United States

Edition Notes

StatementJames C. Howell and Debra K. Gleason.
SeriesJuvenile justice bulletin, Youth gang series
ContributionsGleason, Debra K., United States. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.
The Physical Object
Pagination11 p. :
Number of Pages11
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL17592079M
OCLC/WorldCa43364446

One of the most interesting aspects of the involvement of youth gangs in drug trafficking relates to the role of culture in reshaping narco-trafficking as a socially tolerable activity. In Mexico, for example, as noted by Bailey, the drug-trafficking organizations recruit young men and women in part through their influence on music, popular. Allegro, D. B. (). Police tactics, drug trafficking, and gang violence: Why the no-knock warrant is an idea whose time has come. Notre Dame Law Review, – Alvarez, A., and Bachman, R. (). Predicting the fear of assault at school and while going to and from school in an adolescent population. Violence and Victims, 12(1)–Author: James C. Howell. The recent dynamic growth of youth gangs and related violence is directly attributed by most sources to the increased sale of cocaine, particularly in the form known as "rock" or "crack". This lucrative illegal activity is helping to transform gangs into drug trafficking criminal organizations. A gang is a group of associates, friends or members of a family with a defined leadership and internal organization that identifies with or claims control over territory in a community and engages, either individually or collectively, in illegal, and possibly violent, behavior.

The concept of controlling drugs is a relatively recent phenomenon, and one that has been met with limited success despite the billions of dollars spent. Some people argue that if drugs were legalized (as occurred with the repeal of Prohibition), drug trafficking and the violence it engenders would disappear.   Gangs Enter New Territory With Sex Trafficking Though most are known to deal with drugs and weapons, a new FBI threat assessment says street gangs have been moving into some different territory. "Heavy handed crackdowns on gangs alone will not resolve the underlying problems. Indeed, it may exacerbate them. Gang culture is a symptom of a deeper social malaise that cannot be solved by putting all disaffected street kids behind bars. The future of Central America depends on seeing youth as an asset rather than a liability," said Mr Costa. Drug Trafficking. Edina, Minn: ABDO Pub. This book defines drug trafficking and goes ahead to give the most commonly trafficked drugs: Harris, N. (). Drug Trafficking. Pleasantville, NY: Gareth Stevens Pub. This book speaks about the effects of drug trafficking to a nation. Miller, R. L. ().

Male gang members outnumber female gang members by a wide margin. Traditional gangs average about members and specialty gangs — drug traffickers — are much smaller with only about 25 members on average. The ethnicity of gang members is 48% African-American, 43% Hispanic, 5% white, and 4% Asian. Organized Crime and Gangs When people hear of organized crime, they automatically think of the mafia and the portrayals of organized crime in popular media, like The Godfather or The Sopranos. As crime has changed and evolved over the years, the laws which traditionally applied to the Mafia were expanded to apply many kind of criminal enterprises.   There is no universally agreed-upon definition of "gang" in the United States. Gang, youth gang and street gang are terms widely and often interchangeably used in mainstream coverage. Reference to gangs often implies youth gangs. In some cases, youth gangs are distinguished from other types of gangs; how youth is defined may vary as well. Motorcycle gangs, prison gangs. Drug-trafficking has prospered in broad daylight, creating traditions and accounting for 10% of the money in circulation. Having grown accustomed to the presence of tourists (those “subtle invaders” as Jean-Paul Sartre called them), for years, we saw narcos as a .

youth gang drug trafficking by Howell, James C. Download PDF EPUB FB2

The popular theory promulgated in the media (Klein,pp. –; Spergel,p. 47), by local governmental agencies (California Council on Criminal Justice, ), by the United States Congress (Clark, ; General Accounting Office, ), and by the executive branch of the federal government (Drug Enforcement Administration, ; Hayeslip, ; McKinney.

Get this from a library. Youth gang drug trafficking. [James C Howell; Debra K Gleason; United States. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.]. I bought this book, being from Chicago and having dealings with people like this I thought it would be an interesting read and I was not disappointed,I learned the criminal definition of a Gang is 3 or more people engaging in crime for profit on a continuing basis, however the legal definition for prosecution differs from state to state.I also learned that there is a new drug on the street 5/5(3).

First, some gang homicides are directly related to drug trafficking. Although most gang drug wars appear to involve adult criminal organizations, some involve youth gangs. These gangs often take part in drug-related homicides, especially during ongoing gang wars.

Second, most youth gang homicides appear to be integrally related to everyday gang life. Explore our list of Drug Trafficking - Fiction Books at Barnes & Noble®. Receive FREE shipping with your Barnes & Noble Membership. Due to COVID, orders may be delayed.

Thank you for your patience. Book Annex Membership Educators Gift Cards Stores & Events Help Auto Suggestions are available once youth gang drug trafficking book type at least 3 letters. This bulletin addresses questions about the interrelatedness of youth gangs, drugs, and violent crime, discussing whether drug trafficking is a main cause of violence in youth gangs or only a correlate, and noting whether there are other important sources of gang violence.

Section 1 presents a historical overview of gang drug use and trafficking, noting the growing involvement of youth gang Cited by: As youth and adult gang members relocate throughout the country for various reasons, the gang's drug-trafficking connections are indirectly expanded.

This new information is fairly consistent with the findings of the Maxson migration study. It is clear that some youth gangs have extended their drug-trafficking operations to other States and cities.

Street gangs, outlaw motorcycle gangs (OMGs), and prison gangs are the primary distributors of illegal drugs on the streets of the United States. Gangs also smuggle drugs into the United States and produce and transport drugs within the country.

Netherlands becoming a narco-state, warn Dutch police This article is more than 2 years old Officers say many victims do not report incidents and organised gangs have a free reinAuthor: Daniel Boffey. In general, youth gang members account for a large amount of criminal behaviour and a variety of criminal offences have been consistently linked to gang membership including property offences, drug trafficking and importation, fraud, robberies, assaults with weapons, homicides, and the trafficking of women and girls (Boyce & Cotter, Moore () described heroin and some barbiturate use among Los Angeles gang members in the ’s, mostly after they left gangs.

In the ’s and into the ’s, youth gang members displayed ambivalence about gang mem- ber drug use and trafficking (Spergel, ). The Youth Gangs, Drugs, and Violence Connection The Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Bulletin was published in to bring an understanding of the interrelationship of the three title issues.

pdf Youth Gang Drug Trafficking. Youth Gang Drug Trafficking provides a thoughtful analysis of extensive youth drug trafficking data and identifies areas for further research. The Bulletin also discusses the policy implications of these findings for communities struggling to curb the negative impact of youth gangs Cited by:   The year-old who sells drugs before school; Further investigations produced suggestions that children as young as eight are being sucked into a world of drug dealing where gangs use torture as.

Popular Gangs Books Showing of 1, The Outsiders (Mass Market Paperback) by. S.E. Hinton (Goodreads Author) (shelved times as gangs) avg rating —ratings — published Want to Read saving Want to Read "The Tommie Scott Story" From Gangs, Drugs, Crime To Soldier For Christ.

This book is dedicated to the people of Rio de Janeiro’s favela communities. Viveiros de Castro Editora Ltda. Rua Jardim Botânico sala Rio de Janeiro – RJ – 55 (21) / Dc DOWDNEY, Luke, Children of the drug trade: a case study of children in organised armed violence inFile Size: 2MB.

A number of returning veterans from Vietnam reorganized gangs and provided new leadership and experience. Though youth gangs actually fought against the prevailing drug culture at first, many juvenile gangs increasingly turned to drug trafficking for profit. By the s, gangs were involved in more predatory crimes.

Diversion programs are typically designed to provide youth with experiences that are different from traditional juvenile justice experiences. Diversion decisions and activities usually occur at the earliest stages of involvement in the juvenile justice system; however, diversion initiatives can be put in place at later stages of justice processing with the primary goal of.

Ingang members were considered to be 50/50 juveniles and adults. As ofit’s estimated 65% are adults and 35% are children. TODAY female members are counted to be the highest since This could mean that adult gang members are spending more time trafficking victims than recruiting juvenile males into the Size: KB.

Organized Gangs and Drug Trafficking Strategic Findings Street gangs and prison gangs have, to varying degrees, established relationships with Mexican DTOs; these relationships have enabled them to evolve from primarily retail-level distributors of drugs to significant smugglers, transporters, and wholesale distributors.

Most often, prison gangs are responsible for any drug, tobacco or alcohol handling inside correctional facilities. Furthermore, many prison gangs involve themselves in prostitution, assaults, kidnappings and murders.

Prison gangs often seek to intimidate the other inmates, pressuring them to relinquish their food and other resources. The name ‘county lines’ refers to the phone numbers, or lines, that criminal gangs which traffic drugs from urban to rural areas use to organise the sale of their wares.

contend that the extent of youth gang involvement in drug trafficking is unclear (for a review of this literature, see Howell and Decker, ). The present analysis will address the involvement of youth gangs and gang members in drug traffick­ ing.

However, the connection between youth gang drug trafficking and other crimes remains unclear. DRUG TRAFFICKING among children and adolescents, hereafter referred to as "youth," represents a major risk to participants. These youth are at an increased risk of subsequent drug use, possession of a weapon, fighting, incarceration, and drug-related violence, including death.

While national prevalence data are not available regarding the practice among youth Cited by: youth gang drug trafficking and other crimes remains unclear.

According to popu-lar perception, youth gangs are directly involved with drug sales, and drug sales inevitably lead to other crimes. While several gang studies have found a weak causal relationship between youth gang involvement in drug sales and violent crime, other studies have shown the.

broadcasts on youth gangs contain at least one myth or fallacy. First, the leading news - weeklies and most major newspapers consider “gangs” to be a monolithic phenomenon and do not describe the diversity among distinctively different types of gangs, such as prison gangs versus drug gangs and youth gangs.

Second, the demographic image. See below for a selection of the latest books from Drugs trade / drug trafficking category. Presented with a red border are the Drugs trade / drug trafficking books that have been lovingly read and reviewed by the experts at Lovereading.

With expert reading recommendations made by people with a passion for books and some unique features Lovereading will help you find great Drugs trade / drug. The service that I chose to research was drug trafficking.

The sources that I have utilized in this paper are, "Female Drug Smugglers On The U.S.-Mexico Border: Gender, Crime, And Empowerment”, "The Structure of Drug Trafficking Mafias: The 'Ndrangheta and Cocaine", International drug trafficking: a global problem with a Domestic solution”, "Internet-Mediated Drug Trafficking.

The findings indicate that gang membership is weakly associated with drug involvement, including both usage and sales. This involvement, however, does not appear to be related to assaults.

Results suggest that gang membership is not determinative of drug involvement among a national random sample of by: Was assumed by adults, street gangs became involved in more unlawful behaviors and drug trafficking, and gangs became increasingly more violent.

Gang leadership as based mainly on smartness and toughness and viewed the gang as very cohesive and highly conforming to delinquent norms From book: 1.

Gangs and DrugsGangs are present in large and small cities in nearly every state, and their members come from a range of ethnic and racial groups.

They stake claims to turf not only on city streets but in shopping malls, skating rinks, and school corridors. Gangs use graffiti and "tagging" to mark that turf and to send news and messages to other gangs and gang members. And the more entrepreneurial among them established connections with the more sophisticated drug trafficking cartels headquartered in that large country located between Central America and the United States – Mexico.

And that, ladies and gentlemen, brings me finally to my topic of today: “Youth, Gangs, and Drugs – Breaking the Cycle of.The boulevard ain’t safe for your kids: Youth gang membership and violent victimization. Journal of Contemporary Criminal Justice, 24(2), – (see question 15) Taylor, T.

J., Freng, A., Esbensen, F., and Peterson, D. (). Youth gang membership and serious violent victimization: The importance of lifestyles and routine activities.